Scripture Reading:
Gal. 3:13-14; John 16:7; 2 Cor. 2:14-16

“In order that the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.”(Galatians 3:14)
the promised spirit

God knows that we need the Spirit. This is why He promised the Spirit in Genesis. The apostle Paul tells us clearly that the blessing promised to Abraham referred to the Spirit (Gal. 3:13-14). How could the nations be blessed with believing Abraham? They could only be blessed by receiving the Spirit through faith and not by the works of the law.

It is by the Spirit that we can know the Lord. Jeremiah the prophet was told that no one would need to be taught to know the Lord because all would know Him. God also uses figures in the Old Testament to show us how important the Spirit is. One of the figures He uses is the anointing oil, so that we may understand the Spirit's function and application in our lives.

In the book of Exodus we see that the function of the oil is to anoint and consecrate all the items of the Tabernacle (Exo. 30:26-29). We also see that it was used to anoint the high priest and his sons (v. 30). This typifies the anointing of Christ and the entire church.

The anointing oil was compounded with a hin of pure olive oil plus four spices (vv. 23-24). Spiritually speaking, this simple composition is very significant. We may speak about it in relation to the ingredients of which it is made, in relation to the quantities of each ingredient and in relation to the way in which the ingredients are grouped.

In the Bible, the pure olive oil typifies the Spirit of God (Psa. 45:7; Isa. 61:1). The number four of the four spices typifies the creatures, of which man is the head (Ezek. 1:5; Rev. 4:6). Number one in the Bible typifies the unique God. The holy anointing oil was composed of the mingling of one plus four, which signifies that the unique God in Jesus and through the Spirit, was mingled with man. Without this mingling, man would still be under the frustration of the old covenant because his fallen human nature would not be able to fulfill its demands. The four spices were grouped in three complete units of five hundred shekels. The first was composed of five hundred shekels of flowing myrrh; the second, of two hundred and fifty shekels of fragrant cinnamon and two hundred and fifty shekels of fragrant calamus; and the third of five hundred shekels of cassia. In past studies we have seen that myrrh refers to the precious death of Christ, fragrant cinnamon refers to the sweetness of the death of Christ, fragrant calamus refers to the power of the resurrection of Christ, and cassia refers to the effectiveness of that power. The number three represents the Triune God, and the fact that the second unit of five hundred shekels is composed of two units of two hundred and fifty shekels, indicates that the second of the Trinity had to be "divided" so that the Spirit could come (John 16:7).

When we add the pure oil to the other spices we obtain a fragrance. The pure olive oil has a very mild smell, but when the spices are added, what an aroma! In 2 Corinthians 2:14-16, Paul tells us that we are a fragrance of Christ to God. How can we give off such a fragrance? We receive the sweet-smelling fragrance of Christ through the knowledge of Christ. The more we know Christ, the more we receive His Spirit. Through the Spirit, Christ's humanity as well as His divinity is applied to us. In the Spirit we have both the "oil" and the "spices." What comes out of our natural being is not pleasing to people; it is just like a bad smell. Nonetheless, through our fellowship with the Lord, the "bad odor" is subdued by the ingredients within the Spirit and the odor we give off is the sweet-smelling fragrance of Christ.

Key Point:
What are the “ingredients” of the Spirit?